As part of our modernization initiatives, Tribunals Ontario offers most services electronically. Most applications and documents can be submitted online or by email, by mail or courier. Although our service counters are closed, the Ontario Civilian Police Commission continues to provide services to the public. Learn more.
About the OCPC
IntroductionThe OCPC is an independent, quasi-judicial agency. The OCPC hears appeals, adjudicates applications, conducts investigations and resolves disputes regarding the oversight and provision of policing services. The OCPC’s powers and duties come from the Police Services Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. P.15. (“PSA”) and in particular section 22(1) of the PSA. There are three civilian police oversight agencies in Ontario:
- Special Investigations Unit (SIU)
- Office of the Independent Police Review Director (OIPRD)
- Ontario Civilian Police Commission (OCPC)
OCPC has two divisions: Adjudicative and Investigative. The divisions operate independently under one Registrar.
Adjudicative: Led by the Associate Chair and primarily deals with appeals of disciplinary matters; proposals to amalgamate, reduce or abolish existing municipal police forces; budgetary disputes regarding police services; and other functions.
Investigative: Led by the Executive Chair and deals with investigations, inquiries and public complaints concerning the conduct of chiefs of police, police officers, special constables and police services boards.
AppealsThe OCPC hears appeals of decisions from police disciplinary hearings concerning complaints about police conduct made by members of the public or initiated by chiefs of police. The OCPC has the authority under the PSA to:
- Confirm, vary or revoke the decision of the hearing officer;
- Substitute its own decision; or
- Order that a new hearing take place.
First Instance HearingsThe OCPC may hold different types of first instance hearings, with the authority to:
- Decide disputes between local police services boards and municipal councils about annual police budgets;
- Determine whether a disabled member of a police service has been accommodated;
- Adjudicate disputes about membership in municipal police bargaining units; and
- Determine whether prescribed standards of police services are being met.
- Hold hearings following investigations under section 25 of the PSA.
ApprovalsConsent is required from the OCPC where the municipal police services board, town or municipality seeks to terminate the employment of police officers for the purposes of abolishing or reducing the size of an existing municipal police force. The OCPC approves the appointment of First Nations Constables to perform specified duties in designated geographical areas.
Investigations and InquiriesThe OCPC may investigate and inquire into the administration of a municipal police service, the manner in which policing services are being provided and the policing needs of a municipality. In so doing, the OCPC may investigate and inquire into the conduct or work performance of:
- Police officers;
- Chiefs of police;
- Members of local police services boards;
- Auxiliary members of a police service;
- Special constables; and
- Municipal law enforcement officers.